b'Automotive | Engineer InnovationFigure 4: CFD resultsWith such a coupling approach, themanagement and energy consumption overall simulation, even for longin the electric vehicle, by testing and transient scenarios like a drive cycle,easily assessing different thermal becomes affordable in terms of timesystems, such as heat pumps, in less and computational resources thanks tothan a day each. This methodology can the use of HPC and smart coupling. 3Dbe used at different stages of the physical phenomena are still simulatedproduct development cycle with with a 3D model, but in a more efficientfunctional sub-systems as well as more way with variable boundary conditionsdetailed ones.from the 1D model, allowing a very high fidelity thermal system estimation forThis project, OBELICS, has received the electric vehicle and its components. funding from the European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation Furthermore, this methodology will beprogram under grant agreement No. used to optimize the thermal769506. n With such coupling approach, overall simulation, even for long transient scenarios like driving cycle, becomes affordable in terms of time and computational resources thanks to the use of HPC and smart coupling.Nicola Tobia CFD engineer, Centro Ricerche Fiat S.C.p.A, Aerothermal department39'