b'Automotive | Engineer Innovation[null]3D visualization, etc.) enable us to savex103 Power [W] [null]Energy [kWh] 50time to provide top management and150 40customers with easy-to-understand50 3020results. -50 100-150 -10Realizing lower production costs0 10 20 30 40 50 60 x103x: Time [S]We have the same amount of time toC_ratingdevelop our model, and by replacing[null]1.0spreadsheet software with Simcenter0.6Amesim, we now can improve our0.2battery performance assessment and go-0.2deeper into details for our analysis,-0.6 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 x103says Ouellet. This same amount of timex: Time [S]is then spent on developing, optimizing[%] [km]SOC [%] 300and building the most appropriate95 Distance [km] 250battery architecture and related thermal85 20075 150management. This allows us to bring a10065 50more reliable and mature product at the55 0start of production. 0 10 20 30 x: Time [S] 40 50 60 x103Figure 4: Battery cycle profile in Simcenter AmesimOverall, we believe this approach leads to lower product development costs. Indeed, if we have to modify a product after production has started, it can be very costly. Recalls covering design errors affecting the safety of the vehicle is an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) nightmare, and we all work hard to avoid that.The time and cost saved thanks to the use of simulation enables Lion Electric to start looking for upcoming technologies. Ouellet explains, When production on vehicles start, we are already looking for ways to improve the systems for future generations. Efficiency is something that can always be optimized. Also, we control every aspect of our designs, making much better products than companies that electrify other companies chassis and vehicles. n Figure 5: Electric mini school bus Using Simcenter Amesim to reproduce the thermal exchanges within the battery and the forced-air cooling enabled us to define the best architecture for all the elements of the battery.Raphael Ouellet Powertrain Product Engineer Lion Electric Co.7'