b'Engineer Innovation | Automotive & TransportationRotor yoke PM Stator coils Stator teeth and yokeFigure 3: Exploded view of the single rotor AFPMbeyond 10 kW/kg. Several paretoEnergy Office of Energy Efficiency and optimal designs shown in figure 6 meetRenewable Energy (EERE) under the our target performance requirementsAward Number DE-EE0008384.(power density 9.5 kW/kg and efficiency 93 percent). Thus, theReferences:design optimization results demonstrate[1] L. Love, E. Lanke, and P. Alles,the potential for the single rotor AFPMEstimating the impact (energy, to meet the performance requirementsemissions and economics) of the US of the off-highway vehicle. Furtherfluid power industry, Oak Ridge investigation details of the integratedNational Laboratory (ORNL), Oak system performance and multi-physicsRidge, TN, 2012.optimization will be reported in future publications. [2]P. Li, J. Siefert, and D. Bigelow, A hybrid hydraulic-electric architecture Acknowledgement: (HHEA) for high power off-road This material is based upon workmobile machines, in Proceedings of supported by the U.S. Department ofthe ASME/BATH 2019 Symposium on 2015Stator yokeTorque error [%]Stator coil10Stator toothPM5 Rotor yoke051015200 Number of computational slicesFigure 4: Error in average torque from 2D model as a function of number ofFigure 5: 2D equivalent model of a single rotor AFPMcomputational slices. The torque from 3D model is taken as reference. 46'